Karnataka is a state in south western region of India. It was formed on 1 November 1956, with the passage of the States Reorganisation Act. Originally known as the State of Mysore,
it was renamed Karnataka in 1973 The capital and largest city is Bangalore (Bengaluru). Karnataka is bordered by the Arabian Sea and the Laccadive Sea to the west, Goa to the
northwest, Maharashtra to the north, Telangana to the northeast, Andhra Pradesh to the east, Tamil Nadu to the southeast, and Kerala to the southwest. The state covers an area of
191,976 square kilometres (74,122 sq mi), or 5.83 percent of the total geographical area of India. It is the seventh largest Indian state by area. With 61,130,704 inhabitants at the
2011 census, Karnataka is the eighth largest state by population, comprising 30 districts. Kannada, one of the classical languages of India, is the most widely spoken and official
language of the state.
Though several etymologies have been suggested for the name Karnataka, the generally accepted one is that Karnataka is derived from the Kannada words karu and nādu,meaning
“elevated land”.Karu nadu may also be read as karu, meaning “black”, and nadu, meaning “region”, as a reference to the black cotton soil found in the Bayalu Seeme region of the
state. The British used the word Carnatic, sometimes Karnatak, to describe both sides of peninsular India, south of the Krishna.
With an antiquity that dates to the paleolithic, Karnataka has been home to some of the most powerful empires of ancient and medieval India. The philosophers and musical bards
patronised by these empires launched socio-religious and literary movements which have endured to the present day. Karnataka has contributed significantly to both forms of Indian
classical music, the Carnatic and Hindustani traditions.
Karnataka has always been at the forefront of industrial growth in India. With its inherent capabilities coupled with its enterprising citizens, Karnataka provides the ideal choice for
- Superior Human Resources which includes trained technical manpower in Engineering, Management and Basic Sciences.
- High level of research and development facilities originating from a number of Central Government laboratories and research institutions located in Karnataka.
- Favourable climate and habitat.
- Excellent communication facilities and accessibility provided by broad gauge railway, airport, national highways and sea ports.
- Harmonious industrial relations.